How to Control Diabetes

from wikiHow 

A diabetes diagnosis is a wake-up call to change your lifestyle and gain control over this chronic, almost epidemic-level condition. Diabetes, when left uncontrolled, can ultimately cause kidney and heart disease, nerve damage to or loss of your extremities (toes, feet and legs), tooth and gum problems, and blindness.


  1. Change (1) your diet — less fats, cut carbs drastically, no added sugars, no sugary drink/snack — nuts are a specially good small snack having essential oils, protein, fiber, and low carb: and (2) increase your activity level, (3) take prescribed medications, or combinations of all three, to get control of diabetes as the first step to successfully living with this challenging disease. Do not live with high blood sugar or high blood pressure; control at all times! At holidays, if you do eat high carbs, fats and sugary desserts, cut it out in evenings to rest your system!
  2. Learn all you can about the type of diabetes with which you’ve been diagnosed, either Type 1, Type 2, or gestational diabetes. Knowledge is power. Realize that much protein, plus nearly all fat and carbs change to glucose sugar — cut back!
    • The body of a Type 1 diabetic doesn’t produce the insulin needed to turn glucose into energy for the body to use. People with Type 1 diabetes will often need to take insulin shots several times a day or wear an insulin pump that routinely injects insulin into the person’s body.
    • Type 2 diabetics usually develop the disease later in life, often due to obesity but also because of genetics, and may require pills. A possible “cure” includes — Eat a special diet” — to save you eyes, nerves, toes and feet — along with moderate exercise and big weight loss (if obese) will help the body do a better job at utilizing your own insulin.
    • Gestational diabetes occurs during some pregnancies, posing a risk to the new mom of developing into another form of diabetes and causing risks to the baby’s future health as well. The woman’s obstetrician will keep a close watch on her blood sugar and may choose to induce labor early to help stop the progress of this disease.
    • If the expectant mother does all she can to watch her diet and get plenty exercise, gestational diabetes often goes away following childbirth.
  3. Ask your doctor about lowering your blood sugar and lower need of insulin during your sleep (night or day): not eating other than light protein snack near bedtime, especially stopping non-essential nutrients 2 or 3 hours before your sleep-time, drinking only water (not alcohol, no caffeine or other stimulants) at such times, telling yourself: “That food will be here tomorrow!”
    • Talk to your doctor about adjusting your dose of your medications to “not need a late-night snack”: so, then you “no longer must” snack or eat at bedtime — to prevent low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) during the night.[1]
    • Hungry after dinner — these “free” foods have few, if any, carbohydrates and calories, so “one” of them won’t cause weight gain or increased blood sugar. Choose a “free” food, such as:[1]
      • A can of diet soda,
      • A serving of sugar-free gelatin,
      • Five baby carrots,
      • Two saltine crackers,
      • One vanilla wafer,
      • Four almonds (or similar nuts),
      • One piece of gum or small hard candy…
    • Give your nerves, liver and the digestive system time to finish work, and to rest and for general recovery from the sugar produced by unnecessary [continuing] digestion, to be less elevated in the blood, and to stop fats or sugars being processed all night in the liver (allows indigestion to clear, as well), etc.
  4. Sleep (on an almost empty stomach!) — get 6, preferably 7 or more hours of sleep for recovery time for the nerves and all other systems to settle and rest. This will lower your diabetes problems, i.e.: blood sugar levels [and improve your blood pressure].
    • If you need help sleeping, (1) try the one antihistamine to cause drowsiness that does not cause higher blood pressure (HBP), as cheap as $4 for 100 (as Equate brand ‘Chlortabs’): it is chlorpheniramine maleate — also sold as ‘Chlortrimeton‘ and as ‘Corcidin-HBP’. (Do not use any sugary antihistamine syrups.) (2) Taking Valerian as a highly relaxant herb — helps with sleep and is especially known to reduce body aches and pains. If you wake up too early, drink water and take another dose of both, if four hours or more have passed since the first dose. (3) Take calcium with magnesium and vitamin D3 and B-vitamins, omega3, omega3-6-9 which all work together, causing much improved relaxation and many other healthful benefits! (4) A small serving of protein food helps sleep — such as plain turkey or chicken, and do eat almonds (have more fiber!), walnuts, pecans, sunflower and pumpkin seeds, pistachios, red peanuts with skins-on (also, those kinds of seeds and all nuts have essential oils!).
  5. Urgently, maintain healthy results on the tests your physician will routinely run to make sure your diabetes is in check, known as the “Diabetes ABCs” (always take tests and your diet very seriously!): A for “A1C” test, B for “blood pressure”, and C for “cholesterol”.
    • “A” The A1C test tracks your blood glucose levels over the previous three months, with an optimum number being below a 7. An elevated A1C, especially over a period of time, is what leads to problems or failure of organs.
    • “B” The target blood pressure reading for diabetics is 130/80. Regularly higher readings can lead to cardiac and blood vessel issues.
    • “C” The targets for cholesterol numbers are an LDL goal of below 100 — and an HDL (good) number above 40 (and above 60 of the good makes bad kinds and the total less important!). A high LDL (bad) cholesterol reading could result in clogging of the arteries and blood vessels, stroke or heart attack — especially if the good kind is lower. Improve the good cholesterol: take concentrated omega3, such as purified fish-oil, calamarine (squid) oil or krill (rich, antarctic shrimp) oil — “and” Omega3-6-9 combined (as well!).
  6. Work with a nutritionist to learn how foods affect your blood sugar levels and how the time of day you eat them will affect your readings. Learn about portion control and how to schedule meals so they will keep your blood sugar levels at a consistent level throughout the day.
    • You’ll experience some big spikes in your readings until you get a routine established. It may take a little while, but before long, you’ll be able to read your body’s reactions without having to watch these tools so closely.
    • The National Diabetes Education Program offers online and downloadable support tools for helping you to help you track your food, physical activity and behavior changes. Having these tools easily accessible on your computer will encourage you to use them.
  7. Make good food choices to help stabilize your blood sugar levels as well as to help you maintain a healthy weight. This includes:
    • Watching starches (these turn to sugar in the body);
    • Eating plenty of fruits and vegetable, preferably raw, grilled, broiled or pan-seared in a tiny bit of olive oil;
    • Keeping protein portions small, no larger than the size of a deck of cards, free from fat and prepared by baking, broiling or grilling;
    • Consuming more fiber in the form of whole grains in bread, pasta, rice and crackers; and
    • Only eating or drinking low-fat or no-fat dairy products.
  8. Take care of your body itself through taking part in physical activity, reporting problems to your doctor and staying away from vices like smoking and overindulging in alcohol consumption. To keep your body healthy, you should strive to:
    • Exercise 30 to 60 minutes per day, preferably seven days per week.
    • Attain and maintain a healthy weight for your frame.
    • Report to your doctor any foot, leg or hand injuries that don’t heal.
    • Practice good oral hygiene.
    • Take medication according to the proper schedule.
    • Keep up with regular doctor appointments and required testing.
    • Have flu and pneumonia shots as suggested for all people with high-risk conditions.


  • Request remedial assistance the moment you perceive alterations symptoms of high sugar within the body (abnormal indications).
  • Diabetes is a severe trouble with lasting/unrepairable effects, requiring immediate and continuing medical care. Scientists haven’t revealed all the causes of its occurrence.
  • Initially, diabetes arises as the beta cell units inside the pancreas which manufacture insulin are damaged. Cells begin also to “resist insulin” and overworks the pancreas. Food we consume converts into sugar, called glucose, serving our body for energy. Once there are no beta cell units to manufacture insulin to move the glucose into the cells (muscle, fat, etc.), then sugar remains within the blood and since the body cannot make correct use of glucose (without sufficient insulin), it is deposited into the urine, damages and will cause kidneys to fail if not controlled, as well as other organs (liver, heart, nerves and eyes are damaged) before it is excreted (urinated out of the body).
  • Failure of the pancreas to produce enzymes and hormones including insulin and glucogan, untreated, causes starvation (food is not usable) and will bring death. (People can take granulated [ground and dried] porcine and bovine pancreatic glandular material made from slaughtered animals pancreas and other, refined forms of enzymes and hormones.) The damaged, injured pancreas (pancreatitis) is attacked, then digested, destroyed by its own vital enzymes that are usually only active in the intestines to digest food — causes include alcohol abuse, genetic disorders, injury, infection from illness (reyes syndrome, mumps, coxsackie B, mycoplasma pneumonia, and campylobacter), and cancer.[2]
  • If you have indications of diabetes visit a medical doctor promptly to be given appropriate analysis. Symptoms which usually occur in type 1 diabetes will also eventually in type 2 as it starts mild and gets worse, if not controlled well. Ordinary indications which show the occurrence of diabetes include:
    • extreme appetite,
    • dehydration,
    • frequent urination,
    • remarkable weight reduction,
    • low energy,
    • dried up skin,
    • injuries fail to heal,
    • constant sickness
    • abdominal troubles,
    • organs begin to weaken and will fail if not controlled…
  • If ill with Diabetes, you have 3 choices to avoid many problems:
    • avoid elevated blood sugar,
    • alleviate symptoms and
    • seek care of diabetes. The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a source of information about investigation of caring for category one and category two diabetes.
  • Diabetes where insulin is not produced is not a curable disease, the scientists try to find techniques to treat diabetes, like inducing pancreas growth, islet unit transplantation, pancreas transplantation and genetic treatment. These approaches must pass all the way through a series of trials and analysis such as preventing resistance to insulin, discovering a means to make sufficient amount of insulin units, keeping the pancreas strong and others.


  • Don’t try to control your diabetes alone, as it could leave you feeling angry and tired, leading you to give up. Once you get accustomed to your routine, with the help of your medical, “diabetes team,” you’ll feel better — and controlling your diabetes will be easier.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes causes heart trouble, kidney failure, dry skin, nerve damage, loss of sight, lower-extremity infections, amputations and it may lead to death.



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